England is friendly and hospitable. Besides, it also is a country with abundant cultures. Almost every major city in England has opera houses, museums, and art galleries. In additional, palaces and architectures makes this country become well-known all over the world. Traveling to England once in a lifetime is the dream of many people.
Basic information about the United Kingdom:
Geography: England, which is the most densely populated country in the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland, is located in the Northwest of Europe.
Capital city: London is the capital of both England and the United Kingdom while the capital of Wales is Cardiff, the capital of Scotland is Edinburgh, the capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast.
Language: English is used commonly in the United Kingdom, but there are also official languages such as Welsh, Scots, and Gaelic.
Religion: the main religion of the United Kingdom is Christianity. However, the other religions are acceptable.
Travelling in the United Kingdom
Trains are popular transport in Britain because it can take you to almost famous destinations. The fare depends on the time you buy. You can get more information at the website The Trainline.
Buses and coaches
They are cheap-price transport for visitors. The fare depends on your journey, and you must buy a bus ticket at compass vending machines before boarding.
It is an interesting way to visit places in the city. Almost places are located in the center for pedestrians.
Staying in the United Kingdom
Before traveling, you should learn about the price of hotels and resorts in the area you are planning to visit. Here are some cheap hotels in the United Kingdom:
Hotels in London:
- Princes Gardens hotel.
- St Giles Classic Hotel.
- Hyde Park Executive Apartments.
The price is about 100-120 dollars per room a night. These hotels with modern and luxury furniture are a good choice.
Hotels in Birmingham
- Britannia Hotel
- Radisson Blu Hotel
- Copthorne Hotel
The price is about 45-90 dollars per room a night. Rooms are fully equipped, as well as have separate bathrooms.
The Palace Hotel – Manchester
Hotels in Manchester
- The Palace Hotel.
- Days Hotel
- Campanile Manchester Hotel
All the hotels there is 2-3-star standard. In each room, there are a satellite television, a private bathroom, and a safe deposit box.
Famous and attractive destinations in the United Kingdom
The Warwick castle
The palace is an ancient castle located in central England. It was built by King William in 1063. At first, this medieval castle was made of wood; but in the 12th century, it was rebuilt by stone. In 2001, the United Kingdom travel agency rated Warwick as one of ten buildings which have an important historical significance.
Nowadays, Warwick palace becomes an attractive destination in Britain. If coming there, you will have a chance to hear many legends about the ghosts in the castle. It will be an exciting trip for you.
Hadrian’s is a giant border wall running at the top of craggy mountains which is along the coast of northern England. This unique architecture was built by Roman King Hadrian in 122 AD to protect the colony Britannia against the aggression of the Scots tribes. The wall was built within 6 years, with the length of about 120 kilometers, the height of 4.5 meters, and the width of 3 meters.
To build the wall, the King used 750.000 m3 of stone. After many events, Hadrian’s just remains a part. It now becomes one of the most wonderful places to visit.
The cathedral located in Durham city, Northeastern England was built from 1090 to 1145 as Norman architecture – one of the greatest architectural styles in England and all over Europe. Durham was selected as the most favorite church of England in 2001.
Being the oldest and the biggest castle in the world, the 1000-year-old castle is 45.000 m2 in length. Windsor is the house of Queen Elizabeth II and the members of the British royal. Besides, the palace is used for political and entertaining purposes.
The clock tower is located in the northeast of the Houses of Parliament, London. It is considered as the symbol of London and England. With the unique Victorian Gothic style, the east Tower attracts millions of tourists to visit each year.
Tower of London
This famous tower which was built by King William Conqueror in the 11th century is known as his symbol of power. In addition, it also is a place to prison the people who dared fight him.
Moreover, the tower is the place which not only keeps many valuable jewels of the royal family but also feeds rare animals. However, the most interesting thing is the mysterious stories about ghosts in the tower every night.
Lakeland, which is located in Cumbria province, is the largest national park in England. Lakes and high mountainscorroded by snow glamor many visitors. Every year, Lakeland welcomes over 14 million of people.
As sloping hills with stone houses built a long time ago, Cotswold is located in the south of central England. The highest mountain is 330 meters in height. It represents for beautiful sceneries of England.
Callanish standing stones
Callanish belonging to the island of Lewis appeared before pyramids were built. There are secret stories about the stones which are not answered. It is a unique architecture of prehistoric tribes. According to archeologists, Callanish was used for religious ceremonies.
It is the official dwelling and owned by the British royal family in London. The palace built in 1703 is surrounded by three large parks including Hyde Park. The whole palace has 19 living rooms, 52 bedrooms, 78 bathrooms, 188 rooms for staff, and 92 office. Buckingham palace is used for important events of the country and the royal family.
Built in 1886, the bridge was completed within 8 years. It crosses the river Thames with a steady and exclusive design.
Shopping areas in England
If you like shopping, let’s visit London. You can buy everything you need in 26.000 stores and 138.250 best retail brands. Here are some well-known shops for you:
Top shops in London
- Knightsbridge market: the place to shop and exchange goods.
- Burlington Arcade: the most beautiful covered shopping streets with comfort.
- Regent street: one of the main shopping streets in London with many items such as clothes, shoes, cosmetics, and electronic devices.
- Portobello: the place where you can buy a beautiful antique with a satisfied feeling.
- The Selfridges building: the ideal place for both shopping and visiting.
Top shops in Bristol
Cabot Circus shopping center
Broadmead & Cabot Circus are main shopping venues in Bristol. They are selected as the “trademark center of merchants” with 120 impressive stores. The venues with various types of good like clothes, furniture, ceramics, even diamonds will conquer all customers, even the grumpiest ones. The following shops should be on your list:
- Deansgate, Kings Road, and St. Ann’s Squarewith many famous stores:Arndale, Triangle, Harveys Nichols, etc.
- TK Maxx: shops with products of best designers. However, the price is “super” expensive.
Top shops in Liverpool
- The stores in High Streets
- Shopping center of St. John and Cavern Designe
- Clayton Square
Food culture of England
This cake comes from Yorkshire, England. This favorite dish is made from eggs, milk, and flour. It is considered as the symbol of English culinary culture.
Drinking tea is a familiar habit in daily life of the English. They often drink tea in the afternoon. Tea is served with cakes, ice cream, and sweet jam.
Fish and chips
Appearing in 1858 – 1863, it is a perfect combination of fish and fries. You can feel all the tastes when eating it.
This pie is made from potatoes, butter, beef, and lamb fry with corn, peas and diced carrots. It is worth trying because it is very delicious and nutritious.
Cumberland is the famous sausage in Britain due to its slight scent of peppers, garlic, herbs and sweet taste of roast meat.
It attracts a large number of the British. The main ingredients of it are vegetables, sauces, and beef. All of them create an exclusive, convenient, as well as nutritious dish.
It is a traditional dish on weekends of many British families. The most favorite one is grilled beef with sauce and mustard. It is severed with pudding or vegetables such as roasted potatoes, boiled broccoli, baked carrots with honey.
Some characteristics of English culture
Culture of communication
The British use both verbal and non-verbal languages. Moreover, they care for status and strata while communicating. They are kinds of outspoken but modest in any situation.
Culture of religion and belief
All faiths and major religions in the world are accepted in England. Almost cities in the United Kingdom has the center of Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Buddhism.
Culture of business
Punctuality is an important element in business meetings. In most cases, the people you meet will be on time. If you arrive late even just 5 minutes, remember to make a call to the partners